## TOOLKIT: PERSPECTIVE

THEME: PERSPECTIVE

SUBJECT: GEOMETRY / VISUAL ARTS ARTIST: STEPHEN BRAM

GRADE: Recommended for grades 5 - 12

**OBJECTIVES **
Students will create a large-scale collaborative perspective drawing. Students will explore perspective drawing in a new way.

**KEY QUESTIONS **
- What is perspective?
- Do objects appear a different size when they are closer or further away from you?
- How do we express perspective?

**VISUAL REFERNECES **
1.

*Third floor West gallery 500 Sampsonia Way *(2016) by Stephen Bram

**ACTIVITY **
Stephen Bram’s work is focused on connection and perspective. His installation was constructed based around three chosen “vanishing points” in space. The edges of the walls in his installation follow vertical or horizontal rules that point toward one of the chosen points. This project constructs a 2-D tape installation using the same rules.

Rules of the project: All lines must be

*vertical*,

*horizontal*, or

*pointing toward one of the vanishing points*. Work with the students to choose two “vanishing points” on a large bare wall, mark the points with pencil or with a tape “x”. Each student can make as many lines using tape as they want, making sure to follow the “rules.” As a group, decide when the work is finished.

Bonus challenge: See if you can connect lines or make curved lines that still follow the rules. Try adding more vanishing points to the tape-installation. How does that change the work?

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*PENNSYLVANIA CORE STANDARDS **VISUAL ARTS **(9.1.6.A-9.1.12.A)*

-know and use the elements and principles of each art form to create works in the arts and humanities *(9.1.6.B-9.1.12.B)*

-recognize, know, use and demonstrate a variety of appropriate arts elements and principles to produce, review and revise original works in the arts *(9.1.6.E-9.1.12.E)*

-demonstrate the ability to define objects, express emotions, illustrate an action or relate an experience through creation of works in the arts **MATH**

6th Grade*Numbers and Operations:*

(CC.2.1.6.D.1)

-understand ratio concepts and use ratio reasoning to solve problems (CC.2.1.6.E.1) *Geometry:*

(CC.2.3.6.A.1)

-apply appropriate tools to solve real-world and mathematical problems involving area, surface area and volume **7th Grade ***Numbers and Operations:*

(CC.2.1.7.D.1)

-analyze proportional relationships and use them to model and solve real-world and mathematical problems *Geometry:*

(CC.2.3.7.A.1)

-solve real-world and mathematical problems involving angle measure, area, surface area, circumference, and volume **8th Grade ***Algebraic Concepts:*

-understand the connections between proportional relationships, lines and linear equations *Geometry:*

(CC.2.3.8.A.1)

-apply the concepts of volume of cylinders, cones, and spheres to solve real-world and mathematical problems *9th-12th Grade **Numbers and Operations:*

(CC.2.1.HS.F.1)

-apply and extend the properties of exponents to solve problems with rational exponents *Geometry:*

(CC.2.3.HS.A.13) -analyze relationships between two-dimensional and three-dimensional objects *(CC.2.3.HS.A.14) -apply geometric concepts to model and solve real world problems *
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